Egg counts Explained
Faecal Egg Count (FEC) is a method of determining how many internal parasite Eggs are present in a particular dung sample. It may also be possible to determine the different types of worms or other parasites present. The information on both the number and type of parasites can be used to determine whether or not an anti-parasitic treatment is required.
If an animal has internal parasites the eggs produced by the adult parasites are often passed out in the dung. If eggs are found in a fresh dung sample it shows that worms are present in the animal.
The number of eggs found can provide a useful indication of the level of parasite infection, so a high egg count would suggest a high level of adult parasites in the animal.
What FecLab do with your sample
A measured amount of the dung sample is added to a measured amount of a solution (a flotation fluid) that allows the parasite eggs to float to the surface. The mix needs to be carefully measured so the results can be translated into a final ‘eggs per gram’ (or epg). The dung and the solution are mixed well and then strained through a sieve or cheesecloth to get rid of as much debris as possible The filtered solution is then stirred again and a small sample drawn off with a syringe or pipette for examination right away (eggs will start to float to the top as soon as the mix is left undisturbed).
The sample is place into a counting slide which normally has two chambers, each with a grid etched onto the top surface. One chamber is filled, the solution is stirred again and then the second chamber is filled.
The sample is then allowed to stand for a short while allowing the eggs to float to the surface where it is easier to see them under a microscope.
Eggs that can be seen under the etched grid are then counted and identified, as necessary.
The Quantities of dung and flotation fluid that are mixed together determine the multiplication factor that is applied to the egg count result to give a final ‘eggs per gram’.
Why egg count?
By using worm egg counts as part of your Animals health and worm management programme we can greatly reduce the number of times we use chemicals to treat for worms which is not only far better for your Animals it can also be far better for your purse. Using worm egg counts can also reduce the resistance that develops through the continual use of chemicals which can lead to conventional wormers being less effective and the worm burden increase in the Animals.
Eblex, Defra, Scops and the soil association to name a few, are all talking about the benefits of faecal egg counts. As an industry we can ill afford an increase in Anthelmintic resistance within the industry. Faecal egg counts are becoming the preferred route prior to worming any animal.
It is not a worm, Bacteria or Virus!! Giardiasis is an intestinal infection in humans and animals, caused by a microscopic protozoan parasite. Statistics say 50% of puppies and younger dogs will suffer from Giardiasis in their lifetime!
Giardia is very difficult to detect in a normal fecal test, Giardia is inconsistent when shedding, from ingestion the Cysts can take 5-12 to show in a canine fecal sample and 5-16 days for a cat so the fecal sample tested may not contain the cyst.
This is why we recommend a Giardia home test between fecal tests.
Giardiasis can cause diarrhoea, in animals and people. But the majority of dogs infected with Giardia do not have diarrhoea, vomiting, or any other signs of illness.
Giardiasis can be transmitted by eating or sniffing the cysts from contaminated ground, grass or by drinking contaminated water.
If an animal is diagnosed it is very dangerous for people suffering from Aids, cancer or undergoing chemotherapy.
If detected a good chlorine bleach dilution should be used and all bedding, toys and bowls washed.